9. mythological tour of the solar system 6: saturn/kronos


Saturn Devouring His  Sons. Francisco Goya circa 1819-1823. Image source: Wikipedia.

img_6482As we travel outwards in the solar system, we travel back in mythological time. This week we learn about Jupiter/Zeus’ father, Saturn/Kronos. The Greek and Roman depictions of him are quite different: Roman mythology emphasizes his agricultural connections and associates him with a Golden Age of mankind, whereas the Greek poet Hesiod depicts him as a tyrant.



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Source Passages

Hesiod Theogony 126-138, 158-187, 453-473

Virgil Aeneid 8.415-433

Ovid Metamorphoses 1

Translation Sources

Hesiod. Theogony. Trans. Richard Caldwell & Stephanie Nelson. Newburyport MA: Focus Publishing, 2009.

Ovid. Metamorphoses. Trans. A. D. Melville. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Virgil. Aeneid. Trans. Robert Fitzgerald. New York: Vintage Classics, 1990.

Selected Sources

NASA. “Saturn.” http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/saturn


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This week’s theme music: “Super Hero” by King Louie’s Missing Monuments from the album “Live at WFMU” (2011). Used under Creative Commons license. Music used under Creative Commons license and available from Free Music Archive.