Saturn Devouring His Sons. Francisco Goya circa 1819-1823. Image source: Wikipedia.
As we travel outwards in the solar system, we travel back in mythological time. This week we learn about Jupiter/Zeus’ father, Saturn/Kronos. The Greek and Roman depictions of him are quite different: Roman mythology emphasizes his agricultural connections and associates him with a Golden Age of mankind, whereas the Greek poet Hesiod depicts him as a tyrant.
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Hesiod Theogony 126-138, 158-187, 453-473
Virgil Aeneid 8.415-433
Ovid Metamorphoses 1
Hesiod. Theogony. Trans. Richard Caldwell & Stephanie Nelson. Newburyport MA: Focus Publishing, 2009.
Ovid. Metamorphoses. Trans. A. D. Melville. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Virgil. Aeneid. Trans. Robert Fitzgerald. New York: Vintage Classics, 1990.
NASA. “Saturn.” http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/saturn
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This week’s theme music: “Super Hero” by King Louie’s Missing Monuments from the album “Live at WFMU” (2011). Used under Creative Commons license. Music used under Creative Commons license and available from Free Music Archive.